Non-experts

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Non-experts

This post was written by Jonathan Downie, a PhD student, conference interpreter, public speaker and translator based in Edinburgh, Scotland. He is married with two children. His newest blog Rock Your Talk aims to help people keep on improving in their public speaking.

In this post Jonathan gives some thought to an important topic — should we work harder to non academic others in our research? Nowadays, most academic disciplines are pretty closed shops.

Sure, they might have the odd study that involves another discipline and there might be the odd paper calling for greater collaboration but the limits of collaboration are firmly set. We all know the rules. If you need help with research, you are expected to go talk to another researcher. If your research crosses disciplinary boundaries, you are expected to find a researcher in those other disciplines and go to them with a list of tightly worded questions.

It is very rare for any academic to ever bother involving non-academics in their work. We are the experts. Why would we need anybody else? What if we started working not just with fellow academics but with ordinary people too? What might change?

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What if we made a more fundamental change to the way we do research? One of my supervisors is a guy called Graham Turner. His answer to this was and is to rethink research completely and work with non-academics from the start, finding out what they want to know and what interests them.

The logic is really simple. People are more likely to help you get what you want a PhD, a paper, some useful data when you are helping them get what they want empirical support for policy campaigns, answers to their questions. For those of us working in the social sciences, support from non-academics can often be a necessity. There are, of course, real problems with this way of doing research. For a start, it poses some really tough questions for the academics using it.

What do you do if the results of your research are not the ones your non-academic collaborators wanted? Is it possible to stay scientifically-neutral when a lot of people involved in your work might be hoping for a very specific outcome? What if you want to research something that is controversial and unpopular? None of these questions have easy answersyet they are issues that have hung around all kinds of research for years.

Arguably, anyone who takes money from a funder faces similar ethical pressures.

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Government funding often comes in the hope of supporting the political position du jour; private funding often requires a commercialisable invention or future patent. There is almost always some kind of an agenda behind support for research.

non-experts

What early public engagement does is make this obvious and force the researcher to admit it and openly discuss it. On the other hand, there is a price to be paid for avoiding engagement. Even the most high altitude blue skies research can require the help of outsiders. There might be equipment to be designed and commissioned, books to be sourced or software to be engineered. At some point, all research meets reality. Without the help of non-experts, there is the potential for embarrassing errors.

Every field has its fair share of theories that look perfect in books or papers only to fall to pieces when compared with data.To save this word, you'll need to log in. Dennis, The Conversation"Rating news sources can help limit the spread of misinformation," 2 Dec. Send us feedback. See more words from the same year Dictionary Entries near nonexpert nonexotic nonexpendable nonexperimental nonexpert nonexplanatory nonexploitation nonexploitative.

non-experts

Accessed 19 Apr. More from Merriam-Webster on nonexpert Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for nonexpert Comments on nonexpert What made you want to look up nonexpert? Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible. What does capricious mean? Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!

We have a hard decision to make. Or 'unessential'? And who put it there, anyway? Literally How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts. Is Singular 'They' a Better Choice? Come look at pictures of baby animals. Can you correctly identify these flowers? Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Do you know the person or title these quotes describe?

non-experts

Login or Register. Save Word. Log In. Definition of nonexpert. Keep scrolling for more. Examples of nonexpert in a Sentence Recent Examples on the Web Expert ratings of news sources had stronger effects on belief than ratings from nonexpert users, and the effects were even stronger when the rating was low, suggesting the source was likely to be inaccurate. First Known Use of nonexpertin the meaning defined above.

Learn More about nonexpert. Time Traveler for nonexpert The first known use of nonexpert was in See more words from the same year. Dictionary Entries near nonexpert nonexotic nonexpendable nonexperimental nonexpert nonexplanatory nonexploitation nonexploitative See More Nearby Entries.

Statistics for nonexpert Look-up Popularity. More from Merriam-Webster on nonexpert Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for nonexpert. Comments on nonexpert What made you want to look up nonexpert? Get Word of the Day daily email! Test Your Vocabulary. Love words? Need even more definitions?Here we talk about electricity, the thing we badly need to let our society function. Electricity does not come for free, but it is produced and delivered via a very complex system.

Our role is to understand how this system is changing to support legislation and regulation. Below you can learn about some of the main features, challenges and curiosities related to electricity. Electricity is a form The electricity word comes from The electricity word comes from the Greek, meaning amber and referring to the electrostatic properties displayed by amber when rubbed with a cloth.

Electricity flows at a speed slightly Electricity, when travelling in the vacuum, reaches the speed of light. Electric current is measured in Because their feet, very close to Because their feet, very close to each other, only touch one line of the usually three lines.

If the birds ever touched a second line - e. What is the mission of the electric power system? The mission is to generate electric power and The mission is to generate electric power and to deliver it to the users. This rather complex system is formed by a set of different components and can be divided into a number of main different subsystems.

The power system includes the generation The power system includes the generation, transmission, distribution and utilisation subsystems in its more traditional form. The Figure shows a schematic representation of the electric power system with the different subsystems interlinked by various types of transformers step-up, step-down and autotransformers.

In the traditional scheme of the electric power system, electricity is mostly generated in large power plants, like thermal, nuclear or hydroelectric plants, which are centrally controlled and coordinated within the power system with a large deployment of Distributed Generation, this scheme may be subject to changes.

The power produced in the large plants has to be delivered to the users, which are generally located far away from the generation sites. Hence, it is injected into the grid in order to reach all consumers.

Basically, the grid consists of two infrastructures: the transmission system and the distribution system. The former carries extra high and high voltage electricity from the power plants and transmits it over long distances there are also few big industrial consumers directly supplied by the transmission network.

The latter draws lower voltage electricity from the transmission lines and delivers it to the customers on a more local basis utilisation system in Figure. The subtransmission network is the lower voltage transmission system and represents the interface between the transmission and the distribution network. What are the power system's main components? The main components are: synchronous generators, The main components are: synchronous generators with their voltage and speed regulators; transmission and distribution lines overhead and underground cablestowers, substations with transformers and autotransformers; induction motors and loads in general; different types of switchgears, circuit breakers and protections for the lines and the various devices; mechanical and electronic controllers of parameters like voltage magnitude and angle difference, frequency, active and reactive power flow.

A smart grid is an electricity network that can intelligently integrate A smart grid is an electricity network that can intelligently integrate the behaviour and actions of all users connected to it - generators, consumers and those that do both — in order to efficiently deliver sustainable, economic and secure electricity supplies.

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A smart grid can facilitate the connection The power system operates at The power system operates at different voltage levels as the generation, transmission, distribution and utilisation subsystems generally work better in specific voltage ranges.This engaging course is designed to help you achieve the success that you desire.

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Non-experts

Paula Caproni Lecturer of Management and Organizations. Try the Course for Free. Explore our Catalog Join for free and get personalized recommendations, updates and offers. Get Started. All rights reserved.To save this word, you'll need to log in.

See more words from the same year Thesaurus Entries near nonexpert nonexistence nonexistent nonexotic nonexpert nonexperts nonexplosive nonextant. Accessed 19 Apr. More from Merriam-Webster on nonexpert Dictionary: Definition of nonexpert Comments on nonexpert What made you want to look up nonexpert? Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible.

What does capricious mean? Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!

We have a hard decision to make. Or 'unessential'? And who put it there, anyway? Literally How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts. Is Singular 'They' a Better Choice? Come look at pictures of baby animals. Can you correctly identify these flowers? Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

Do you know the person or title these quotes describe? Login or Register. Thesaurus nonexpert noun. Save Word. Log In. Keep scrolling for more.

Learn More about nonexpert. Share nonexpert Post more words for nonexpert to Facebook Share more words for nonexpert on Twitter. Time Traveler for nonexpert The first known use of nonexpert was in See more words from the same year.Trump's planned guidance would encourage Americans to use homemade coverings, like cloth masks, scarves or bandannas, when outside the home.

President Donald Trump is preparing to encourage Americans to wear face coverings, the latest effort to curb the spread of the coronavirus, according to three individuals with knowledge of the planned announcement.

Trump's planned guidance — which two officials said is imminent but not yet finalized — would encourage Americans to use homemade coverings, like cloth masks, scarves or bandannas, when outside the home. Health experts believe that the practice, which is common in nations like Singapore and Japan but unusual in the United States, would reduce the risk of individuals not exhibiting symptoms spreading the disease.

A senior White House official confirmed the planned guidance, but said it would be targeted to Americans in places where the virus is being actively spread and would not apply to everyone. The policy will not be announced on Thursday, the official said. Officials have spent days debating the planned recommendation, worried about the risk of sending mixed messages on public health, draining health workers' supplies and giving Americans a false sense of security.

Experts have cautioned that homemade masks are insufficient to protect the wearer from contracting the coronavirus. Senior Trump officials had previously warned Americans not to wear masks, insisting that the practice could even increase the risk of contagion by leading people to more frequently touch their faces to adjust the coverings.

Administration officials also had been worried that it would lead to hoarding, exacerbating shortages of protective equipment that health workers desperately need. But Adams on Wednesday said that the administration was rethinking its guidance. A senior official said the White House's position evolved in light of more data about the extent that the virus is being spread by asymptomatic individuals.

Officials also plan to stress that wearing masks is not a substitute for maintaining social distancing and following other guidelines to curb the virus' spread.

Because if they are touching things, remember, your eyes are not in the masks. Trump has faced calls to recommend the use of face masks from some members of Congress, including from Sen. Pat Toomey R-Pa. Toomey and Sen.

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Michael Bennet D-Colo. Caitlin Oprysko and Burgess Everett contributed to this report. Skip to Main Content. Trump set to urge Americans to wear face coverings when outside Trump's planned guidance would encourage Americans to use homemade coverings, like cloth masks, scarves or bandannas, when outside the home.

Stat News first reported Trump's planned guidance.A must-have reference for every business professional, Forensic Accounting and Fraud Investigation for Non-Experts, Third Edition is a necessary tool for those interested in understanding how financial fraud occurs and what to do when you find or suspect it within your organization.

With comprehensive coverage, it provides insightful advice on where an organization is most susceptible to fraud. Written by a team of recognized experts in the field of forensic accounting, Forensic Accounting and Fraud Investigation for Non-Experts, Third Edition is essential reading for accountants and investigators requiring the most up-to-date methods in dealing with financial fraud within their organizations.

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The essential guide for every business professional, ForensicAccounting and Fraud Investigation for Non-Experts, Third Editionis a must-have resource if you've been wondering how financialfraud occurs in an organization and what to do if you find orsuspect it. With comprehensive coverage, the authors present usefuladvice on where your organization is most susceptible to fraud. Coverage of the core accounting, investigative, and legalaspects of forensic accounting for professionals new to thefield.

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Forensic Accounting and FraudInvestigation for Non-Experts, Third Edition helps non-accountantsbetter understand basic forensic accounting principles, howdifferent types of fraud occur, and how to detect and probe fraudin an approach that maximizes the chances of successful prosecutionof the perpetrator.

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Highly recommended. Forensic Accounting and Fraud Investigation for Non-Experts, Third Edition provides you with access to all the critical accounting principles and investigative techniques you need to protect your organization from devastating losses and scandal due to fraud.

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The Third Edition is filled with an abundance of new cases and tips, as well as new material on technology tools in forensic accounting, so you can know the financial areas where your organization is most vulnerable, as well as how to implement effective investigation processes when you suspect fraud.

Covering basic principles as they apply to forensic accounting and the most common types of fraud, this up-to-date volume thoroughly examines the investigative process, with discussions on documentary evidence, the role of the expert witness, and interview techniques. All phases of forensic accounting are addressed, complete with actual examples demonstrating applications in the real world.

Arm yourself with the tools you need to prevent fraud and reduce fraud losses with the expert advice found in Forensic Accounting and Fraud Investigation for Non-Experts, Third Edition. He is an adjunct professor at the University of Connecticut; is the author of Fraud Techniques and Strategies for Understanding Fraud, Third Edition ; contributed to Fraud Casebook: Lessons from the Bad Side of Business ; and has written articles for state and national publications.

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Updated with new cases and new material on technology tools in forensic accounting Covers the core accounting, investigative, and legal aspects of forensic accounting for professionals new to the field Covers investigative and legal issues along with accounting schemes Written by a team of recognized experts in the field of forensic accounting, Forensic Accounting and Fraud Investigation for Non-Experts, Third Edition is essential reading for accountants and investigators requiring the most up-to-date methods in dealing with financial fraud within their organizations.

Read more Read less. Kindle Cloud Reader Read instantly in your browser. Customers who bought this item also bought. Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1. Forensic Accounting For Dummies. All the President's Men. Bob Woodward. Martha Maeda. Mark J. Greg Shields.


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